Music Theory Scales and Modes Cheatsheet

Common Scales

Diatonic (Major)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Diatonic (Minor)
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Harmonic Major
1
2
3
4
5
♭6
7
Harmonic Minor
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
7
Melodic Minor
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
7
Double Harmonic Major
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
7
Double Harmonic Minor
1
2
♭3
#4
5
♭6
7
Augmented
1
#2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Altered
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭7
Whole Tone
1
2
3
♭5
♭6
♭7
Octatonic Whole-Half
1
2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
6
7
Octatonic Half-Whole
1
♭2
♭3
3
#4
5
6
♭7
Nine-Tone
1
2
♭3
3
♭5
5
♭6
6
7
Chromatic
1
♭2
2
♭3
3
4
♭5
5
♭6
6
♭7
7

Pentatonic Scales

Pentatonic Major
1
2
3
5
6
Pentatonic Minor
1
2
♭3
5
♭7
Altered Pentatonic
1
♭2
4
5
6
Balanese
1
♭2
♭3
5
6
Chinese
1
3
#4
5
7
Mongolian (Pentatonic Major)
1
2
3
5
6
Japanese Yo
1
2
4
5
6
Japanese Hiraj┼Źshi
1
2
♭3
5
♭6
Japanese In
1
♭2
4
5
♭6
Japanese Insen
1
♭2
4
5
♭7
Japanese Iwato
1
♭2
4
♭5
♭7

Jazz Scales

Major Blues
1
2
♭3
3
5
6
Minor Blues
1
♭3
4
♭5
5
♭7
Bebop Major
1
2
3
4
5
♭6
6
7
Bebop Minor
1
2
♭3
3
4
5
6
7
Dominant
1
2
3
4
5
6
♭7
7
Dorian Jazz
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
♭7
7
Diminished
1
2
3
4
♭5
♭6
6
7
Dom Dim (Blues)
1
♭2
♭3
3
4
5
6
♭7

Diatonic Scale Modes

1. Ionian (Major)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
2. Dorian
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
♭7
3. Phrygian
1
♭2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
4. Lydian
1
2
3
#4
5
6
7
5. Mixolydian
1
2
3
4
5
6
♭7
6. Aeolian (Minor)
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
7. Locrian
1
♭2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
♭7

Chords (Brightness Order)

4. Lydian #
I
II
iii
ivo
V
vi
vii
1. Ionian
I
ii
iii
IV
V
vi
viio
2. Mixolydian
I
ii
iiio
IV
v
iv
VII
1. Dorian ♭♭
i
ii
III
IV
v
vio
VII
6. Aolian ♭♭♭
i
iio
III
iv
v
VI
VII
3. Phrygian ♭♭♭♭
i
II
III
iv
vo
VI
vii
7. Locrian ♭♭♭♭♭
io
II
iii
iv
v
VI
vii

Melodic Minor Modes

1. Dorian #7
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
7
2. Phrygian #6
1
♭2
♭3
4
5
6
♭7
3. Lydian #5
1
2
3
#4
#5
6
7
4. Mixolydian #4
1
2
3
#4
5
6
♭7
5. Aeolian #3
1
2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
6. Locrian #2
1
2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
♭7
7. Ionian #1 (Altered)
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭7

NOTE: Classical music uses the Melodic Minor ascending only. It uses the Natural Minor Scale when descending.
Jazz uses this scale for both ascending and descending lines.

Melodic Minor Chords

1. Dorian #7
I
ii
III+
IV
V
vio
viio
2. Phrygian #6
i
II+
III
IV
vo
vio
vii
3. Lydian #5
I
II
III
ivo
vo
vi
vii
4. Mixolydian #4
I
II
iiio
ivo
v
vi
VII+
5. Aeolian #3
I
iio
iiio
iv
V
VI+
VII
6. Locrian #2
io
iio
iii
iv
V+
VI
VII
7. Ionian #1 (Altered)
io
ii
iii
iv
V
VI
viio

Chords with both major and minor pairs: the minor is technically a sus2 chord

Harmonic Minor Modes

1. Aeolian #7
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
7
2. Locrian #6
1
♭2
♭3
4
♭5
6
♭7
3. Ionian #5
1
2
3
4
#5
6
7
4. Dorian #4
1
2
♭3
#4
5
6
♭7
5. Phrygian #3
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
6. Lydian #2
1
#2
3
#4
5
6
7
7. Mixolydian #1
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭♭7

Harmonic Minor Chords

1. Aolian #7
i
iio
III+
iv
V
VI / vi
viio
2. Locrian #6
Io
ii
iii
IV
V / v
vio
vii+
3. Ionian #6
I+
ii
III
IV / iv
vo
vi
viio
4. Dorian #4
i
II
III / iii
ivo
v
vio
VII+
5. Phrygian #3
I
II / ii
iiio
iv
vo
VI+
vii
6. Lydian #2
I / i
iio
iii
ivo
V+
vi
VII
7. Mixolydian #1
io
ii
iiio
IV+
V
vi
VII/vii

Chords with both major and minor pairs: the minor is technically a sus2 chord

Double Harmonic Major Modes

1. Double Harmonic Major
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
7
2. Lydian #2#6
1
#2
3
#4
5
#6
7
3. Ultra-Phrygian
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
5
♭6
♭♭7
4. Hungarian/Gypsy Minor
1
2
♭3
#4
5
♭6
7
5. Oriental
1
♭2
3
4
♭5
6
♭7
6. Ionian Aug#2
1
#2
3
4
#5
6
7
7. Locrian ♭♭3♭♭7
1
♭2
♭♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭♭7

Double Harmonic Major Chords

1. Double Harmonic Major
I
II
iii
iv
V♭5
VI+
viio♭3

Chords with both major and minor pairs: the minor is technically a sus2 chord

Pentatonic Scale Modes (Major/Minor)

1. Minor
1
♭3
4
5
♭7
2. Major
1
2
3
5
6
3.
1
2
4
5
♭7
4.
1
♭3
4
♭6
♭7
5.
1
2
4
5
6

Indian Classical Music Parent Scales

Bilawal (Ionian)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Kaylan (Lydian)
1
2
3
#4
5
6
7
Khamaj (Mixolydian)
1
2
3
4
5
6
♭7
Kafi (Dorian)
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
♭7
Asavari (Aeolian)
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Bhairavi (Phrygian)
1
♭2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Bhairav (Double Harmonic Major)
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
7
Marwa
1
♭2
3
#4
5
6
7
Purvi
1
♭2
3
#4
5
♭6
7
Todi
1
♭2
♭3
#4
5
♭6
7

Other World Scales

Hungarian
1
2
♭3
#4
5
♭6
7
Romanian
1
2
♭3
#4
5
6
♭7
Spanish Gypsy
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Algerian
1
2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
7

Common Chords

Major C C
1
3
5
Major 6 C6 Cmaj6
1
3
5
6
Dom7 C7 Cdom7
1
3
5
♭7
Maj7 CM7 Cmaj7
1
3
5
7
Augmented C+ Caug
1
3
#5
Aug7 C+7 Caug7
1
3
#5
♭7
Aug Maj 7 C+M7
1
3
#5
7
Minor Cm Cmin
1
♭3
5
Min6 Cm6 Cmin6
1
♭3
5
6
Min7 Cm7 Cmin7
1
♭3
5
♭7
Minor-major 7 CmM7 Cmin(maj7)
1
♭3
5
7
Diminished Co Cdim
1
♭3
♭5
Diminished 7 Co7 Cdim7
1
♭3
♭5
♭♭7
Half Dim 7 Co/7
1
♭3
♭5
♭7
Dom 9 C9
(1)
3
(5)
♭7
9
Dom 11 C11
(1)
(3)
(5)
♭7
9
11
Dom 13 C13
(1)
3
(5)
♭7
9
(11)
13
7 min 9 C7♭9
1
3
5
♭7
♭9
7 sharp 9 C7#9
1
3
5
♭7
#9
7 aug 11 C7+11
1
3
5
♭7
9
#11
7 dim 13 C7♭13
1
3
5
♭7
9
11
♭13
Add nine Cadd9
1
3
5
9
Neapolitan CN6
♭2
4
♭6
Suspended 2 Csus2
1
2
5
Suspended 4 Csus4
1
4
5
Jazz Sus C9sus4
1
4
5
♭7
9
Quartal
1
4
♭7
Aug Quartal+
1
4
7

Table of Fifths (and Fourths)™

← Fourths - Fifths →

Major C G D A E B F# / G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F
Minor Am Em Bm F#m C#m G#m D#m / E♭m B♭m Fm Cm Gm Dm
Key Sig 1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# / 6♭ 5♭ 4♭ 3♭ 2♭ 1♭
Lydian F C G D A E B / C♭ G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭
Ionian C G D A E B F# / G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F
Mixolydian G D A E B F# C# / D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F C
Dorian D A E B F# C# G# / A♭ E♭ B♭ F C G
Aeolian A E B F# C# G# D# / E♭ B♭ F C G D
Phrygian E B F# C# G# D# A# / B♭ F C G D A
Locrian B F# C# G# D# A# E# / F C G D A E
I / III C G D A E B F# / G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F
ii / iv Dm Am Em Bm F#m C#m G#m / A♭m E♭m B♭m Fm Cm Gm
iii / v Em Bm F#m C#m G#m D#m A#m / B♭m Fm Cm Gm Dm Am
IV / VI F C G D A E B / C♭ G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭
V / VII G D A E B F# C# / D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F C
vi / i Am Em Bm F#m C#m G#m D#m / E♭m B♭m Fm Cm Gm Dm
viio / iio Bo F#o C#o G#o D#o A#o E#o / Fo Co Go Do Ao Eo

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