Music Theory Scales and Modes Cheatsheet

Common Scales

Diatonic (Major)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Diatonic (Minor)
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Harmonic Major
1
2
3
4
5
♭6
7
Harmonic Minor
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
7
Melodic Minor
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
7
Double Harmonic Major
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
7
Double Harmonic Minor
1
2
♭3
#4
5
♭6
7
Augmented
1
#2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Altered
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭7
Whole Tone
1
2
3
♭5
♭6
♭7
Octatonic Whole-Half
1
2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
6
7
Octatonic Half-Whole
1
♭2
♭3
3
#4
5
6
♭7
Nine-Tone
1
2
♭3
3
♭5
5
♭6
6
7
Chromatic
1
♭2
2
♭3
3
4
♭5
5
♭6
6
♭7
7

Pentatonic Scales

Pentatonic Major
1
2
3
5
6
Pentatonic Minor
1
3
4
5
7
Altered Pentatonic
1
♭2
4
5
6
Balanese
1
♭2
♭3
5
6
Japanese
1
♭2
4
5
♭7
Chinese
1
3
#4
5
7
Hirajoshi
1
♭2
4
♭5
♭7
Yo (Japanese)
1
2
4
5
6

Jazz Scales

Major Blues
1
2
♭3
3
5
6
Minor Blues
1
♭3
4
♭5
5
♭7
Bebop Major
1
2
3
4
5
♭6
6
7
Bebop Minor
1
2
♭3
3
4
5
6
7
Dominant
1
2
3
4
5
6
♭7
7
Dorian Jazz
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
♭7
7
Diminished
1
2
3
4
♭5
♭6
6
7
Dom Dim (Blues)
1
♭2
♭3
3
4
5
6
♭7

Diatonic Scale Modes

1. Ionian (Major)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
2. Dorian m7
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
♭7
3. Phrygian m6
1
♭2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
4. Lydian M5
1
2
3
#4
5
6
7
5. Mixolydian M4
1
2
3
4
5
6
♭7
6. Aeolian (Minor) m3
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
♭7
7. Locrian m2
1
♭2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
♭7

Chords (Brightness Order)

4. Lydian
I
II
iii
ivo
V
vi
vii
1. Ionian
I
ii
iii
IV
V
vi
viio
2. Mixolydian
I
ii
iiio
IV
v
iv
VII
1. Dorian
i
ii
III
IV
v
vio
VII
6. Aolian
i
iio
III
iv
v
VI
VII
3. Phrygian
i
II
III
iv
vo
VI
vii
7. Locrian
io
II
iii
iv
v
VI
vii

Melodic Minor Modes

1. Dorian #7
1
2
♭3
4
5
6
7
2. Phrygian #6
1
♭2
♭3
4
5
6
♭7
3. Lydian #5
1
2
3
#4
#5
6
7
4. Mixolydian #4
1
2
3
#4
5
6
♭7
5. Aeolian #3
1
2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
6. Locrian #2
1
2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
♭7
7. Ionian #1 (Altered)
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭7

NOTE: Classical music uses the Melodic Minor ascending only. It uses the Natural Minor Scale when descending.
Jazz uses this scale for both ascending and descending lines.

Melodic MinorChords

1. Dorian #7
I
ii
III+
IV
V
vio
viio
2. Phrygian #6
i
II+
III
IV
vo
vio
vii
3. Lydian #5
I
II
III
ivo
vo
vi
vii
4. Mixolydian #4
I
II
iiio
ivo
v
vi
VII+
5. Aeolian #3
I
iio
iiio
iv
V
VI+
VII
6. Locrian #2
io
iio
iii
iv
V+
VI
VII
7. Ionian #1 (Altered)
io
ii
iii
iv
V
VI
viio

Chords with both major and minor pairs: the minor is technically a sus2 chord

Harmonic Minor Modes

1. Aeolian #7
1
2
♭3
4
5
♭6
7
2. Locrian #6
1
♭2
♭3
4
♭5
6
♭7
3. Ionian #5
1
2
3
4
#5
6
7
4. Dorian #4
1
2
♭3
#4
5
6
♭7
5. Phrygian #3
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
6. Lydian #2
1
#2
3
#4
5
6
7
7. Mixolydian #1
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭♭7

Harmonic Minor Chords

1. Aolian #7
i
iio
III+
iv
V
VI / vi
viio
2. Locrian #6
Io
ii
iii
IV
V / v
vio
vii+
3. Ionian #6
I+
ii
III
IV / iv
vo
vi
viio
4. Dorian #4
i
II
III / iii
ivo
v
vio
VII+
5. Phrygian #3
I
II / ii
iiio
iv
vo
VI+
vii
6. Lydian #2
I / i
iio
iii
ivo
V+
vi
VII
7. Mixolydian #1
io
ii
iiio
IV+
V
vi
VII/vii

Chords with both major and minor pairs: the minor is technically a sus2 chord

Double Harmonic Major Modes

1. Double Harmonic Major
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
7
2. Lydian #2#6
1
#2
3
#4
5
#6
7
3. Ultra-Phrygian
1
♭2
♭3
♭4
5
♭6
♭♭7
4. Hungarian/Gypsy Minor
1
2
♭3
#4
5
♭6
7
5. Oriental
1
♭2
3
4
♭5
6
♭7
6. Ionian Aug#2
1
#2
3
4
#5
6
7
7. Locrian ♭♭3♭♭7
1
♭2
♭♭3
♭4
♭5
♭6
♭♭7

Double Harmonic Major Chords

1. Double Harmonic Major
I
II
iii
iv
V♭5
VI+
viio♭3
2. Lydian #2#6
i
ii
III
iv
V
VI
vii
3. Ultra-Phrygian
i
ii
III
iv
V
VI
vii
4. Hungarian/Gypsy Minor
i
ii
III
iv
V
VI
vii
5. Oriental
i
ii
III
iv
V
VI
vii
6. Ionian Aug#2
i
ii
III
iv
V
VI
vii
7. Locrian ♭♭3♭♭7
i
ii
III
iv
V
VI
vii

Chords with both major and minor pairs: the minor is technically a sus2 chord

Pentatonic Scale Modes (Major/Minor)

1. Minor
1
♭3
4
5
♭7
2. Major
1
2
3
5
6
3.
1
2
4
5
♭7
4.
1
♭3
4
♭6
♭7
5.
1
2
4
5
6

Common Chords

Major C C
1
3
5
Major 6 C6 Cmaj6
1
3
5
6
Dom7 C7 Cdom7
1
3
5
♭7
Maj7 CM7 Cmaj7
1
3
5
7
Augmented C+ Caug
1
3
#5
Aug7 C+7 Caug7
1
3
#5
♭7
Aug Maj 7 C+M7
1
3
#5
7
Minor Cm Cmin
1
♭3
5
Min6 Cm6 Cmin6
1
♭3
5
6
Min7 Cm7 Cmin7
1
♭3
5
♭7
Minor-major 7 CmM7 Cmin(maj7)
1
♭3
5
7
Diminished Co Cdim
1
♭3
♭5
Diminished 7 Co7 Cdim7
1
♭3
♭5
♭♭7
Half Dim 7 Co/7
1
♭3
♭5
♭7
Dom 9 C9
(1)
3
(5)
♭7
9
Dom 11 C11
(1)
(3)
(5)
♭7
9
11
Dom 13 C13
(1)
3
(5)
♭7
9
(11)
13
7 min 9 C7♭9
1
3
5
♭7
♭9
7 sharp 9 C7#9
1
3
5
♭7
#9
7 aug 11 C7+11
1
3
5
♭7
9
#11
7 dim 13 C7♭13
1
3
5
♭7
9
11
♭13
Add nine Cadd9
1
3
5
9
Neapolitan CN6
♭2
4
♭6
Suspended 2 Csus2
1
2
5
Suspended 4 Csus4
1
4
5
Jazz Sus C9sus4
1
4
5
♭7
9
Quartal
1
4
♭7
Aug Quartal+
1
4
7

Table of Fifths (and Fourths)™

← Fourths - Fifths →

Major C G D A E B F# / G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F
Minor Am Em Bm F#m C#m G#m D#m / E♭m B♭m Fm Cm Gm Dm
Key Sig 1# 2# 3# 4# 5# 6# / 6♭ 5♭ 4♭ 3♭ 2♭ 1♭
Lydian F C G D A E B / C♭ G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭
Ionian C G D A E B F# / G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F
Mixolydian G D A E B F# C# / D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F C
Dorian D A E B F# C# G# / A♭ E♭ B♭ F C G
Aeolian A E B F# C# G# D# / E♭ B♭ F C G D
Phrygian E B F# C# G# D# A# / B♭ F C G D A
Locrian B F# C# G# D# A# E# / F C G D A E
I / III C G D A E B F# / G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F
ii / iv Dm Am Em Bm F#m C#m G#m / A♭m E♭m B♭m Fm Cm Gm
iii / v Em Bm F#m C#m G#m D#m A#m / B♭m Fm Cm Gm Dm Am
IV / VI F C G D A E B / C♭ G♭ D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭
V / VII G D A E B F# C# / D♭ A♭ E♭ B♭ F C
vi / i Am Em Bm F#m C#m G#m D#m / E♭m B♭m Fm Cm Gm Dm
viio / iio Bo F#o C#o G#o D#o A#o E#o / Fo Co Go Do Ao Eo

Exotic Scales

Hungarian (Indian)
1
2
♭3
#4
5
♭6
7
Romanian
1
2
♭3
#4
5
6
♭7
Spanish Gypsy
1
♭2
3
4
5
♭6
♭7
Algerian
1
2
♭3
4
♭5
♭6
7

Have fun!

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